openvpn e tun0

Enrico M. enricom a teppisti.it
Lun 17 Set 2007 15:16:42 CEST


Ho installato openvpn sul notebook per usufruire dei servizi che faccio girare 
su un serverino casalingo in sicurezza.
Il problema di cui non riesco a capire la causa  che non mi tira su la tun0
Non  la prima volta che uso openvpn. Sta sul serverino (FreeBSD6.2) e su 
alcuni client linux.
Anche leggendo i logs, che ho impostato pure a livello massimo, ai miei occhi 
profani non appare nulla di significativo.
L'unica informazione che mi salta agli occhi  
UDPv4 link local: [undef]

Vi posto il mio file di configurazione

client
dev tun
proto udp
remote oberon.homeunix.net
resolv-retry infinite
nobind
user nobody
group nobody
persist-key
persist-tun
ca /usr/local/etc/openvpn/keys/ca.crt
cert /usr/local/etc/openvpn/keys/enea.crt
key /usr/local/etc/openvpn/keys/enea.key
ns-cert-type server
tls-auth /usr/local/etc/openvpn/keys/ta.key 1
comp.lzo
verb 3
log /var/log/openvpn.log
log-append /var/log/openvpn.log

Allego anche il file di configurazione del kernel

Grazie
-------------- parte successiva --------------
#
# GENERIC -- Generic kernel configuration file for FreeBSD/i386
#
# For more information on this file, please read the handbook section on
# Kernel Configuration Files:
#
#    http://www.FreeBSD.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/kernelconfig-config.html
#
# The handbook is also available locally in /usr/share/doc/handbook
# if you've installed the doc distribution, otherwise always see the
# FreeBSD World Wide Web server (http://www.FreeBSD.org/) for the
# latest information.
#
# An exhaustive list of options and more detailed explanations of the
# device lines is also present in the ../../conf/NOTES and NOTES files.
# If you are in doubt as to the purpose or necessity of a line, check first
# in NOTES.
#
# $FreeBSD: src/sys/i386/conf/GENERIC,v 1.429.2.13 2006/10/09 18:41:36 simon Exp $

machine		i386
#cpu		I486_CPU
#cpu		I586_CPU
cpu		I686_CPU
ident		THINKPAD

# To statically compile in device wiring instead of /boot/device.hints
#hints		"GENERIC.hints"		# Default places to look for devices.

makeoptions	DEBUG=-g		# Build kernel with gdb(1) debug symbols

options 	SCHED_4BSD		# 4BSD scheduler
options 	PREEMPTION		# Enable kernel thread preemption
options 	INET			# InterNETworking
options 	INET6			# IPv6 communications protocols
options 	FFS			# Berkeley Fast Filesystem
options 	SOFTUPDATES		# Enable FFS soft updates support
options 	UFS_ACL			# Support for access control lists
options 	UFS_DIRHASH		# Improve performance on big directories
options 	MD_ROOT			# MD is a potential root device
options 	NFSCLIENT		# Network Filesystem Client
#options 	NFSSERVER		# Network Filesystem Server
options 	NFS_ROOT		# NFS usable as /, requires NFSCLIENT
options 	MSDOSFS			# MSDOS Filesystem
options 	CD9660			# ISO 9660 Filesystem
options 	PROCFS			# Process filesystem (requires PSEUDOFS)
options 	PSEUDOFS		# Pseudo-filesystem framework
options 	GEOM_GPT		# GUID Partition Tables.
options 	COMPAT_43		# Compatible with BSD 4.3 [KEEP THIS!]
options 	COMPAT_FREEBSD4		# Compatible with FreeBSD4
options 	COMPAT_FREEBSD5		# Compatible with FreeBSD5
#options 	SCSI_DELAY=5000		# Delay (in ms) before probing SCSI
options 	KTRACE			# ktrace(1) support
options 	SYSVSHM			# SYSV-style shared memory
options 	SYSVMSG			# SYSV-style message queues
options 	SYSVSEM			# SYSV-style semaphores
options 	_KPOSIX_PRIORITY_SCHEDULING # POSIX P1003_1B real-time extensions
options 	KBD_INSTALL_CDEV	# install a CDEV entry in /dev
options 	ADAPTIVE_GIANT		# Giant mutex is adaptive.

device		apic			# I/O APIC

# Bus support.
#device		eisa
device		pci
device		isa

# Floppy drives
#device		fdc

# ATA and ATAPI devices
device		ata
device		atadisk		# ATA disk drives
#device		ataraid		# ATA RAID drives
device		atapicd		# ATAPI CDROM drives
#device		atapifd		# ATAPI floppy drives
#device		atapist		# ATAPI tape drives
options 	ATA_STATIC_ID	# Static device numbering

# SCSI Controllers
#device		ahb		# EISA AHA1742 family
#device		ahc		# AHA2940 and onboard AIC7xxx devices
#options 	AHC_REG_PRETTY_PRINT	# Print register bitfields in debug
					# output.  Adds ~128k to driver.
#device		ahd		# AHA39320/29320 and onboard AIC79xx devices
#options 	AHD_REG_PRETTY_PRINT	# Print register bitfields in debug
					# output.  Adds ~215k to driver.
#device		amd		# AMD 53C974 (Tekram DC-390(T))
#device		isp		# Qlogic family
#device 	ispfw		# Firmware for QLogic HBAs- normally a module
#device		mpt		# LSI-Logic MPT-Fusion
#device		ncr		# NCR/Symbios Logic
#device		sym		# NCR/Symbios Logic (newer chipsets + those of `ncr')
#device		trm		# Tekram DC395U/UW/F DC315U adapters

#device		adv		# Advansys SCSI adapters
#device		adw		# Advansys wide SCSI adapters
#device		aha		# Adaptec 154x SCSI adapters
#device		aic		# Adaptec 15[012]x SCSI adapters, AIC-6[23]60.
#device		bt		# Buslogic/Mylex MultiMaster SCSI adapters

#device		ncv		# NCR 53C500
#device		nsp		# Workbit Ninja SCSI-3
#device		stg		# TMC 18C30/18C50

# SCSI peripherals
device		scbus		# SCSI bus (required for SCSI)
#device		ch		# SCSI media changers
device		da		# Direct Access (disks)
#device		sa		# Sequential Access (tape etc)
device		cd		# CD
device		pass		# Passthrough device (direct SCSI access)
#device		ses		# SCSI Environmental Services (and SAF-TE)

# RAID controllers interfaced to the SCSI subsystem
#device		amr		# AMI MegaRAID
#device		arcmsr		# Areca SATA II RAID
#device		asr		# DPT SmartRAID V, VI and Adaptec SCSI RAID
#device		ciss		# Compaq Smart RAID 5*
#device		dpt		# DPT Smartcache III, IV - See NOTES for options
#device		hptmv		# Highpoint RocketRAID 182x
#device		rr232x		# Highpoint RocketRAID 232x
#device		iir		# Intel Integrated RAID
#device		ips		# IBM (Adaptec) ServeRAID
#device		mly		# Mylex AcceleRAID/eXtremeRAID
#device		twa		# 3ware 9000 series PATA/SATA RAID

# RAID controllers
#device		aac		# Adaptec FSA RAID
#device		aacp		# SCSI passthrough for aac (requires CAM)
#device		ida		# Compaq Smart RAID
#device		mfi		# LSI MegaRAID SAS
#device		mlx		# Mylex DAC960 family
#device		pst		# Promise Supertrak SX6000
#device		twe		# 3ware ATA RAID

# atkbdc0 controls both the keyboard and the PS/2 mouse
device		atkbdc		# AT keyboard controller
device		atkbd		# AT keyboard
device		psm		# PS/2 mouse

device		kbdmux		# keyboard multiplexer

device		vga		# VGA video card driver

device		splash		# Splash screen and screen saver support

# syscons is the default console driver, resembling an SCO console
device		sc
options		SC_PIXEL_MODE

# Enable this for the pcvt (VT220 compatible) console driver
#device		vt
#options 	XSERVER		# support for X server on a vt console
#options 	FAT_CURSOR	# start with block cursor

device		agp		# support several AGP chipsets

# To include support for VESA VGA modes
options		VESA

# Floating point support - do not disable
device		npx

# Power management support (see NOTES for more options)
#device		apm

# The cpufreq driver provides support for non-ACPI CPU frequency control
device 		cpufreq
# Add suspend/resume support for the i8254.
device		pmtimer

# Direct rendering modules for 3D acceleration
device		drm
device		radeondrm

# PCCARD (PCMCIA) support
# PCMCIA and cardbus bridge support
device		cbb		# cardbus (yenta) bridge
device		pccard		# PC Card (16-bit) bus
device		cardbus		# CardBus (32-bit) bus

# Serial (COM) ports
#device		sio		# 8250, 16[45]50 based serial ports

# Parallel port
#device		ppc
#device		ppbus		# Parallel port bus (required)
#device		lpt		# Printer
#device		plip		# TCP/IP over parallel
#device		ppi		# Parallel port interface device
#device		vpo		# Requires scbus and da

# If you've got a "dumb" serial or parallel PCI card that is
# supported by the puc(4) glue driver, uncomment the following
# line to enable it (connects to the sio and/or ppc drivers):
#device		puc

# PCI Ethernet NICs.
#device		de		# DEC/Intel DC21x4x (``Tulip'')
#device		em		# Intel PRO/1000 adapter Gigabit Ethernet Card
#device		ixgb		# Intel PRO/10GbE Ethernet Card
#device		txp		# 3Com 3cR990 (``Typhoon'')
#device		vx		# 3Com 3c590, 3c595 (``Vortex'')

# PCI Ethernet NICs that use the common MII bus controller code.
# NOTE: Be sure to keep the 'device miibus' line in order to use these NICs!
device		miibus		# MII bus support
#device		bce		# Broadcom BCM5706/BCM5708 Gigabit Ethernet
#device		bfe		# Broadcom BCM440x 10/100 Ethernet
#device		bge		# Broadcom BCM570xx Gigabit Ethernet
#device		dc		# DEC/Intel 21143 and various workalikes
device		fxp		# Intel EtherExpress PRO/100B (82557, 82558)
#device		lge		# Level 1 LXT1001 gigabit Ethernet
#device		nge		# NatSemi DP83820 gigabit Ethernet
#device		nve		# nVidia nForce MCP on-board Ethernet Networking
#device		pcn		# AMD Am79C97x PCI 10/100(precedence over 'lnc')
#device		re		# RealTek 8139C+/8169/8169S/8110S
#device		rl		# RealTek 8129/8139
#device		sf		# Adaptec AIC-6915 (``Starfire'')
#device		sis		# Silicon Integrated Systems SiS 900/SiS 7016
#device		sk		# SysKonnect SK-984x & SK-982x gigabit Ethernet
#device		ste		# Sundance ST201 (D-Link DFE-550TX)
#device		stge		# Sundance/Tamarack TC9021 gigabit Ethernet
#device		ti		# Alteon Networks Tigon I/II gigabit Ethernet
#device		tl		# Texas Instruments ThunderLAN
#device		tx		# SMC EtherPower II (83c170 ``EPIC'')
#device		vge		# VIA VT612x gigabit Ethernet
#device		vr		# VIA Rhine, Rhine II
#device		wb		# Winbond W89C840F
#device		xl		# 3Com 3c90x (``Boomerang'', ``Cyclone'')

# ISA Ethernet NICs.  pccard NICs included.
#device		cs		# Crystal Semiconductor CS89x0 NIC
# 'device ed' requires 'device miibus'
#device		ed		# NE[12]000, SMC Ultra, 3c503, DS8390 cards
#device		ex		# Intel EtherExpress Pro/10 and Pro/10+
#device		ep		# Etherlink III based cards
#device		fe		# Fujitsu MB8696x based cards
#device		ie		# EtherExpress 8/16, 3C507, StarLAN 10 etc.
#device		lnc		# NE2100, NE32-VL Lance Ethernet cards
#device		sn		# SMC's 9000 series of Ethernet chips
#device		xe		# Xircom pccard Ethernet

# Wireless NIC cards
device		wlan		# 802.11 support
device		wlan_wep	# 802.11 WEP support
device		wlan_ccmp	# 802.11 CCMP support
device		wlan_tkip	# 802.11 TKIP support
device		an		# Aironet 4500/4800 802.11 wireless NICs.
device		ath		# Atheros pci/cardbus NIC's
device		ath_hal		# Atheros HAL (Hardware Access Layer)
device		ath_rate_sample	# SampleRate tx rate control for ath
device		awi		# BayStack 660 and others
device		ral		# Ralink Technology RT2500 wireless NICs.
device		wi		# WaveLAN/Intersil/Symbol 802.11 wireless NICs.
#device		wl		# Older non 802.11 Wavelan wireless NIC.

# Pseudo devices.
device		loop		# Network loopback
device		random		# Entropy device
device		ether		# Ethernet support
device		sl		# Kernel SLIP
device		ppp		# Kernel PPP
device		tun		# Packet tunnel.
device		pty		# Pseudo-ttys (telnet etc)
device		md		# Memory "disks"
device		gif		# IPv6 and IPv4 tunneling
device		faith		# IPv6-to-IPv4 relaying (translation)

# The `bpf' device enables the Berkeley Packet Filter.
# Be aware of the administrative consequences of enabling this!
# Note that 'bpf' is required for DHCP.
device		bpf		# Berkeley packet filter

# USB support
device		uhci		# UHCI PCI->USB interface
device		ohci		# OHCI PCI->USB interface
#device		ehci		# EHCI PCI->USB interface (USB 2.0)
device		usb		# USB Bus (required)
#device		udbp		# USB Double Bulk Pipe devices
device		ugen		# Generic
device		uhid		# "Human Interface Devices"
#device		ukbd		# Keyboard
device		ulpt		# Printer
device		umass		# Disks/Mass storage - Requires scbus and da
device		ums		# Mouse
#device		ural		# Ralink Technology RT2500USB wireless NICs
#device		urio		# Diamond Rio 500 MP3 player
#device		uscanner	# Scanners
# USB Ethernet, requires miibus
#device		aue		# ADMtek USB Ethernet
#device		axe		# ASIX Electronics USB Ethernet
#device		cdce		# Generic USB over Ethernet
#device		cue		# CATC USB Ethernet
#device		kue		# Kawasaki LSI USB Ethernet
#device		rue		# RealTek RTL8150 USB Ethernet

# FireWire support
#device		firewire	# FireWire bus code
#device		sbp		# SCSI over FireWire (Requires scbus and da)
#device		fwe		# Ethernet over FireWire (non-standard!)


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